Software:Introduction to Software and Types of Software

The term software and hardware are frequently used in context with computers.

Here in this post i am going to give information about software and its types.

Introduction to Software

The term software refers to the set of computer programs, Procedures and associated documents such as flow charts,manuals etc.The softwares can be referred to as collection of programs whose objective is to enhance the capability of hardware machine.

Softwares or the programs can be defined as the complete set of written instruction written by programmer which enables the computer to obtain the solution of a problem with or without the data.Software is a general term that is used to describe any single program or group of programs.It includes such things as operating procedures and documentation that is any printed reference manual required by the operator to use the computer system effectively.

Introduction to Software and types of Software

Thus a user manual which describes the syntax of a particular language are known as softwares.

Types of Software:

The software used by the computer may be classified into the following categories:

1. Application softwares

2. Utility or service softwares

3. System softwares 

Application softwares:

These are the programs employed by the user to perform some specific functions.These softwares are required to make the computer useful for the people.

Application softwares has been written to do almost everything ranging from word processing to reserving a train seat.

The application software can be broadly classified into the following categories:

1. Word Processing softwares 

2. Spreadsheets

3. Database management software 

4. Graphics,multimedia and presentation softwares.

5. Entertainment and education softwares 

6. Communication softwares .

Service or utility Softwares:

Introduction to Software and types of Software

The service or utility programs are those that are used to provide services to facilitate the working of the operating systems.

The operating system have integrated many utilities into the system itself and some additional services that might help the user to take backup of data, scanning viruses, maintenance tools for the system or retrieve the deleted files are called service softwares.

The service softwares are classified into following categories:

1. File defragmentation.

2. Data compression.

3. Backup softwares.

4. Data recovery softwares.

5. Antiviruses utility.

6. Screen savers.

System Software

The system softwares consist of all programs ,languages and the documentation supplied by the manufacturer along with the computer.

They are also known as the system packages as they are a set of one or more programs designed to control the operation of a computer system.

These are general programs written to act as a interface between the hardware, application programs and the user and facilitate the use of computer system.They control all the operations , required to move data in and out of the computer and all the steps in executing an application program.

The system Software can be broadly classified into following types:

1. Operating system.

2.  Translators.

This is all about software from my side.In my next post i will give information about operating system and translators.

 

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