Drugs are life-saving as well as life-threatening chemicals.They are used by sportspersons for different purposes.Some sportsmen use these drugs to improve their performance,named as doping in sports.These drugs have an effect but the side effects are dangerous.
Meaning And Types Of Doping
Doping is the use of banned performance enhancing drugs in sports.It is using of prohibited substances or methods to improve sports performance.In other words it is use of performance enhancing drugs in sports to improve performance of athletes.
Doping in sports are taken during training or competition days.There are various types of doping substances or methods such as:
(a) Stimulants such as Amphetamies,Caffeine,Aephedrine
(b) Narcotics such as Morphine,Opium,Heroin,Methodone, Cocaine
(c) Steroids such as Anabolic Steroids, Estridiol, Testosterone, Anti inflammatory.
(d) Growth Harmone such as Somatotropin, Peptide harmone.
(e) Beta-Blockers such as Beta-adrenergic,Blocking agents,Beta antagonist,Beta-adrenorecptor antagonist.
(f) Diuretics such as Acetazolamide,Aspirin.
(g) Blood Doping such as Erythropoietin.
Doping:Their Misuse In Sports
Stimulants:These are chemicals which have direct effect over central nervous and cardio-vascular systems.These drugs improve work output ability by reducing the feelings of fatique.Stimulants are group of those drugs that tend to increase alertness and physical activity.It increase the heart rate and reduces the reaction time.
Narcotics:These are drugs which make people slow and sleepy.They are good pain killers.They help in long endurance activities.They are used during training period to remove the feeling of restlessness and tiredness.
Steroids:These are very strong chemicals which are used by players during training period.They promote growth and healing process.They are effective for speed,power and strength activities.
Growth Harmones:They are usually animal harmones used for increasing the muscle mass, height and size of the body.They are generally used by bodybuilders, throwers, jumpers etc.
Beta-Blockers:These are anxiety reducing agents which are used in games that involve concentration and risk.They reduce the anxiety, lower the heart rate,reduce body temperature,reduce stress, relax muscles.
Diuretics:These drugs elimainate fluid from the body.The person reduces the body weight in very short time.These are generally used by wrestlers,judo and boxing players.
Harmfull Effects Of Doping
With all the information, attention, and debate over performance-enhancing drugs (or PEDs), many people want to further understand how performance-enhancing drugs affect one’s body. It’s an important area of concern for athletes and at the foundation of why USADA and other anti-doping organizations exist. Simply put, PEDs have the ability or potential to drastically alter the human body and biological functions, including the ability to considerably improve athletic performance in certain instances. These drugs, however, can be extremely dangerous and, in certain situations, deadly. The negative effects these drugs can have on one’s body make USADA’s mission paramount as to why no athlete should ever have to consider PED use to succeed in sport.