There are some things you won’t be able to avoid during your school years and even later on during your academic career. Writing an essay is very likely to be one of them. But as with the essay, it’s not so bad. As with all written essays, analyses, and interpretations, there is a certain pattern you can follow when it comes to writing essays. If you stick to it, it is not that difficult to write a successful essay.
What Is Exactly An Essay?
An essay is a short paper about a literary or scientific issue. You could also say that an essay is nothing more than an explanatory or argumentative essay on a particular issue. Unlike an essay or term paper, however, the focus here is not on the technique of scientific work. Rather, it is about convincingly presenting your train of thought and argumentation and developing it before the reader’s eyes, so to speak. Therefore, an essay can also be described as a kind of thought experiment in which you examine a topic from science, culture, or society as wittily as possible. The advantage: Since you do not have to prove that you can work scientifically correctly, this type of text offers you some freedom. Find the best paper writer at WritingAPaper, where you can get a well-written paper in the shortest possible time.
Instead of formal guidelines, an essay is primarily about reflecting on the chosen topic, elaborating your theses and perspectives, and taking a stand. It is about your ideas, arguments, and thoughts, not about the positions of others. Therefore, you should also refrain from direct in an essay, that is, you do not need to provide footnotes.
The Different Types Of Essays
Depending on the topic and approach, different types of essays can be distinguished:
- The comparative essay deals with two different topics, but they are related and contrasted in some way. Thus, the differences and similarities of these two topics are elaborated.
- The argumentative essay is about convincing the reader of your point of view. You discuss a particular topic and contrast pro and con arguments.
- The explanatory essay refers to a specific situation or process and has the task of explaining and explaining it. To do this, it cites the most important aspects of the topic at hand.
- The analytical essay analyzes and interprets a literary work for its motives, characters, and meanings.
At university, we usually talk about scientific essay. This is characterized by a concise scientific argumentation. It is subject to the style of presentation of the respective subject science as well as a methodical justification. However, the following also applies here: It is about an independent argumentation, not about the stringing together of definitions or theoretical statements of others. Rather, you should relate your knowledge to the topic and show the famous red thread in your argumentation. Each faculty has its guidelines, which you can usually find on the respective homepage. These guidelines specify the structure, length (usually four to eight pages), and formalities. A scientific essay can be written as an explanatory, argumentative, analytical, or comparative essay.
The Structure Of An Essay
Regardless of the type of essay you write, the structure is always the same. As with all written essays, from poetry interpretations to debates to college essays, the essay consists of a three-part outline of introduction, body, and conclusion.
The introduction is about introducing the topic. For this purpose, you formulate a thesis or guiding question, which you will elaborate on and explain later in the text. For example, you can refer to a recent study on the topic or a current political discussion. Since an essay is supposed to reflect your opinion or point of view, the introduction may also be subjective. The important thing is that it arouses the reader’s interest and provides a coherent introduction to your train of thought. This is the only way to explain why you have chosen the topic and why it is relevant to deal with it.
The main body is the heart of any written work. In the main body, you elaborate on the topic of your essay. How you do that depends a bit on the type of essay you decide to write. In an explanatory essay, you should provide more explanatory information, while in an argumentative essay, the focus is on your argument. In general, though, the point is always to provide arguments for and/or against your thesis statement made in the introduction.
Each main idea should be developed in a separate paragraph and the individual paragraphs should be connected with successful transitions. Subheadings are rather unusual. Your thought processes should be structured and coherently linked. Subjective elements may and should be included – after all, it’s about your thoughts! However, just writing down your opinion is not enough. Your position must always be justified or made plausible by examples.
Tip: Think about an argumentative strategy. That means: Which arguments and counter-positions do you want to include? And how do you want to contrast them? Should pro and con arguments alternate? In general, there are no precise guidelines here. The important thing is that your argumentation is coherent and builds on each other.
The conclusion rounds off your essay and concludes. The conclusion is often used to summarize the most important arguments, strengthen your thesis, and answer the question posed in your introduction. However, this quickly leads to you repeating yourself and only writing down again what you have already explained in detail in the main part. This is quite boring, especially for your readers. It is more exciting if you build on your explanations from the main part, for example, by giving an outlook, offering suggestions for solutions, or, for example, when analyzing a literary work, explaining why this aspect of the work is still relevant today. This not only shows that you can deal with a topic, but that you are also able to develop your thoughts beyond that.
In general, writing an essay should encourage critical evaluation and weigh different (scholarly) positions. You should learn to develop your ideas from other opinions and facts and to place them in a larger overall context. Therefore, an essay does not have to and can never completely cover all details of a topic. You also do not have to provide new insights, but rather show new perspectives.