In this post, we will give a list of J&K Endemic species of animals, birds and plants. But first, we discuss what are endemic species. Endemic species are plants and animals that exist only in one geographical region. Species can be endemic to large or small areas of the earth. In the previous post we mentioned J&K endangered species and now let us discuss the Endemic one.
Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country, or other defined zone, or habitat type; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere.
Species can be endemic to:
- A particular continent.
- Some part of continent.
- To a single island.
- To a country.
- To a habitat type.
Here is the list of J&K endemic species of animals, plants and birds.
J&K Endemic Species of Animals
|2.||Musk Deer||Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh|
|3.||Markhor||Kashmir and Jammu|
|4.||Ibex||Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh|
|5.||Serow||Kashmir and Ladakh|
|6.||Snow Leopard||Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh|
|10.||Black Bear||Kashmir and Jammu|
Also, Read List of jk endangered species
J&K Endemic Species of Birds
There are about 262 species of birds reported from Kashmir valley, 2254 from Ladakh and 183 from the Jammu region. Jammu Kashmir state is quite rich in subtropical, temperate and alpine avifauna. Here is the list of J&K endemic species of birds.
|S.NO||Species of Birds|
|4.||Black Necked Crane|
|7.||Blue Rock Pigeon|
J&k Endemic of Plants (Flora)
The floras of Himalayan Kashmir comprise 3054 species. About 880 species are found in Ladakh and 506 species in Jammu. These only include angiosperms, gymnosperms and pteridophytes. Here is the list of J&K endemic species of plants.
|1.||Aconitum Chasmanthum (Meetha telia)||Gurez,Zanskar,Baltal|
|2.||Arnebia benthamii (Ratanjot)||Sonamarg, Kishtwar, Duksum|
|3.||Atropa Acuminate (Biraal)||Poonch,Gulmarg,Kukernag|
|5.||Rheum Emodi (Churko)||Sarthal,Paddar,Gurez,Bhadarwah|
|6||Saffron (Kesar)||Pampore and Kishtwar|
|8.||Iris Hookeriana (tejma)||Kashmir , Ladakh and Pahalgam|
|9.||Jurinea Dolomiaca||Pir Panchal, Sarthal, Margam Top, Rajdhan pass|
This is all from my side about J&K endemic species of animals, plants and birds. If you like this post don’t forget to share it.