Latest News of Hantavirus in China: When the whole world is trying to get cured of coronavirus, here comes another new virus in China named HANTA VIRUS. Here we have updated the latest news of Hantavirus in China. We also mentioned all the symptoms, precautions, preventions, treatment and transmission of this dangerous virus.
What is Hantavirus
An orthohanta virus is a single-stranded, enveloped, negative-sense RNA virus in the family Hantaviridae of the order Bunyavirales.
HANTA VIRUS spread mainly by wild rodents. This infection is a viral respiratory disease that is communicable from animals to humans. Many cases of swine flu and bird flu have already been reported in India and many other countries.
Latest News of Hantavirus in China
Now, a man from China has tested positive for HANTA VIRUS.
According to China’s global times, a man from Yunnan province died while on his way back to Shandong province for work on a bus on Monday and the 32 other people who were on the bus also treated for the virus.
Symptoms of Hantavirus:
The symptoms of HANTA VIRUS usually appear within 2-4 weeks after infection. It also appears as early as 1 week and as late as 6weeks after infection.
But the primary symptom of this disease is difficulty in breathing, which is caused by fluid build-up in the lungs.
These symptoms also include:
3. MUSCLE ACHES
7. ABDOMINAL PROBLEMS
If these symptoms are left untreated, it can lead to :
* SHORTNESS OF BREATH
The initial symptoms of HANTA VIRUS remain the same, it can also cause LOW BLOOD PRESSURE, ACUTE SHOCK, VASCULAR LEAKAGE, and ACUTE KIDNEY FAILURE.
WHAT TO DO IF I HAVE HANTA VIRUS INFECTION:
* If any of the symptoms described above appear, contact your doctor or any health clinic immediately.
* Stay away from other people to avoid the risk of infection.
* Sanitize yourself.
Transmission of Hantavirus
Where Hantavirus is Found
Cases of human hantavirus infection occur sporadically, usually in rural areas where forests, fields, and farms offer suitable habitat for the virus’s rodent hosts. Areas around the home or work where rodents may live (for example, houses, barns, outbuildings, and sheds) are potential sites where people may be exposed to the virus.
In the US and Canada, the Sin Nombre hantavirus is responsible for the majority of cases of hantavirus infection. The host of the Sin Nombre virus is the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus), present throughout the western and central US and Canada.
When fresh rodent urine, droppings, or nesting materials are stirred up, tiny droplets containing the virus get into the air. This process is known as “airborne transmission“.
There are several other ways rodents may spread hantavirus to people:
- If a rodent with the virus bites someone, the virus may be spread to that person, but this type of transmission is rare.
- Scientists believe that people may be able to get the virus if they touch something that has been contaminated with rodent urine, droppings, or saliva, and then touch their nose or mouth.
- Scientists also suspect people can become sick if they eat food contaminated by urine, droppings, or saliva from an infected rodent.
Recent approaches in vaccine development have focused on genetically engineered vaccines. A recombinant vaccinia virus expressing the S and M segments of HTNV was developed, but, in trials, many vaccinia virus-immune recipients failed to produce a neutralizing antibody response to HTNV and further work with the vaccine has ceased.
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However, there is no specific treatment, cure, or vaccine for hantavirus infection. However, we do know that if infected individuals are recognized early and receive medical care in an intensive care unit, they may do better. In intensive care, patients are intubated and given oxygen therapy to help them through a period of severe respiratory distress.
The earlier the patient is brought in to intensive care, the better. If a patient is experiencing full distress, it is less likely the treatment will be effective.
Therefore, if you have been around rodents and have symptoms of fever, deep muscle aches, and severe shortness of breath, see your doctor immediately. Be sure to tell your doctor that you have been around rodents—this will alert your physician to look closely for any rodent-carried disease, such as HPS.
Precautions and Safety Measures Against Hantavirus
The best protection against hantavirus is to control rodent populations in the places you live and work by taking these precautions:
- SEAL UP: Prevent mouse entry into homes and sheds by sealing up holes and gaps in walls.
- TRAP UP: Use snap traps to eliminate any mice indoors. Individuals can also reduce rodent populations near dwellings by keeping shrubbery near the home well-trimmed, and moving woodpiles at least 100 feet from the dwelling and raising them at least one foot off the ground.
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- CLEAN UP: Carefully clean up areas where you see mouse dropping.
- Avoid sweeping or vacuuming areas with rodent droppings and urine, as the action can stir up dust and aerosolize the droppings.
- If cleaning an area such as a cabin, camper or outbuilding, open windows and doors and air out the space for 30 minutes prior to cleaning.
- Wear rubber or plastic gloves.
- Thoroughly spray or soak the area with a disinfectant or a mixture of bleach and water to reduce dust. Let soak for 5 minutes.
- Wipe up the droppings with a sponge or paper towel, then clean the entire area with a disinfectant or bleach solution.
- When cleanup is complete, dispose of sponges and paper towels used to clean, remove and discard gloves and wash hands thoroughly with soap and warm water.
Control and Prevention Against Hantavirus
The following references provide safety and health information to aid in the prevention and control of Hantavirus hazards.
- Preventing Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It provides cleanup information for the prevention of Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS).
- Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome — United States: Updated Recommendations for Risk Reduction. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 51(RR09);1-12, (July 26, 2002). Provides updated recommendations for prevention and control of Hantavirus infections associated with rodents in the United States.
- Education Materials and Media. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It provides an educational video that teaches how to prevent infection with Hantavirus.
- Laboratory Management of Agents Associated with Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome: Interim Biosafety Guidelines. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) 43(RR-7);1-7, (May 13, 1994). Provides interim biosafety guidelines for preventing laboratory-associated infections with agents that cause Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome.
- Rodent-Exclusion Manual. National Park Service (NPS), (September 2014). Provides a training guide for NPS employees offering information on rodent biology and ecology, and methods for building inspection and rodent exclusion.
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Latest News of Hantavirus in China Youtube Video
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