There are a huge number of methods for cancer treatment such as surgery, ablation, radiation therapy, brachytherapy, chemoembolization, immunotherapy, etc. If all methods have been tried, and cancer does not recede, there is often the only one way to defeat it, and this is a stem cell transplant. You can undergo this procedure abroad. Stem cell cancer treatment in Germany is effective and safe.
What types of cancer can be treated with stem cells?
Stem cells in medicine have been used since the end of the 20th century. The most successful was their application in oncology and oncohematology. Today, cell therapy can also be used for many other diseases: orthopedic, neurological, cardiological, etc. But still, stem cells are used with the greatest success for cancer treatment.
Not all types of cancer can be treated with stem cells. Most often, they are used in the fight against oncohematological diseases, which are called blood cancer. These diseases include leukemia, lymphoma, and myeloma.
Solid (dense) tumors are less commonly treated with stem cells. For example, a stem cell transplant is a rare option for the following tumors:
- testicular cancer;
- Wilms tumor.
A stem cell transplant can treat the most aggressive forms of cancer, when a tumor progresses rapidly, recurs after treatment, and does not respond to standard therapy regimens. Even in these situations, the procedure often allows not only to achieve long-term remission, but also to cure the disease completely.
Types of bone marrow transplant
A stem cell transplant can be autologous or donor. In the first case, the patient’s stem cells are used, and in the second one, doctors harvest stem cells from another person, if possible, a close relative. If this is not the case, then the donor is searched in the general database.
An autologous transplant is safer. Nonetheless, this treatment option can cure cancer only if the bone marrow is not affected by the oncological process. Otherwise, the oncological disease is unlikely to be cured completely, although a patient will be able to achieve a long-term remission.
A donor transplant is more often used for hemoblastoses, if a patient is expected to fully recover as a result of the procedure. The donor’s bone marrow is definitely free of cancer cells, so the disease is more likely to be cured once and for all. However, a donor transplant is more dangerous than an autologous one, so it is better to undergo the procedure in a good center with great experience.
How does it work?
The procedure begins with high-dose chemotherapy, sometimes combined with radiation therapy. As a rule, doctors cannot use high doses of drugs because they are afraid of damaging the bone marrow. But now it is no longer necessary to spare the bone marrow, because it will be restored by transplantation. Due to high-dose chemotherapy, all cancer cells die, so the disease can often be completely cured even at the advanced stage. A person is then injected with stem cells intravenously. They survive in the bone marrow, and after a few weeks, the hematopoietic function will be restored.
Donor transplantation also works due to the immune mechanism. New stem cells are another person’s new immunity. It is not as tolerant of the tumor as the patient’s own immunity. Therefore, a transplant procedure activates the graft-versus-cancer effect. Immune cells actively attack the remnants of the tumor in the body with a high probability of curing the cancer completely.You are welcome to use the Booking Health service to undergo your cancer treatment with stem cells in one of the best clinics in Germany. On our website, you can find prices, compare the cost of medical services in different centers, and make your treatment appointment at the best price. The company’s specialists will help you to make the right choice and organize your trip.